How do solar panels work?

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Solar panels have become an increasingly popular choice in recent years for homeowners looking for a sustainable energy source. For people thinking about making the switch to solar power, it can be difficult to comprehend how panels on your roof can convert the sun’s rays to sustainable power for your entire home.

 

Panels

Converting the sun’s energy into power for your home is a cohesive process involving several working parts.

  • Firstly, the sun’s light contains energy, and as this energy hits you or the general environment, it turns into heat. However, when the sun’s rays come into contact with certain materials, it becomes an electrical current, rather than heat.
  • Solar panels contain photovoltaic cells (solar cells) made from silicon, a material that can transform sunlight into electrical energy.
  • Once the sunlight is absorbed by these materials, it is held within the individual panel, before being delivered to the inverter.

 

Inverter

The inverter has the most pivotal role in the process. It is responsible for converting the energy captured by the panels from a direct current (DC) to a 120-volt alternating current (AC). There are two different kinds of inverters used to produce solar power.

  • The more common and traditional option is the conventional central inverter, which is often fixed on an exterior wall of the house. This is when the panels are connected to a single inverter by a series of ‘strings’.
  • Another option is to use microinverters. Microinverters are installed individually on the underside of each panel, and rather than accumulating DC power to send to a single location for conversion, they undertake a different process.
  • These inverters then convert the DC power to AC from each panel before combining the power and sending it to your grid via a switchboard. However micro inverters incur a larger upfront cost compared to single inverters.

 

Power for your home

  • Once the inverter has converted the current from DC to AC, the power is delivered to the building’s circuit breaker where it is administered to various areas of the electrical grid.
  • This power is used for everyday purposes like turning on your lights or TV. There are battery storage options available for maximum efficiency throughout the process.
  • Any excess power you don’t use during the process can be delivered to a battery storage system for use later in the day when the sun isn’t shining.

This entire process can effectively be monitored with a digital meter. These meters can determine the efficiency of a solar system and more information regarding your energy consumption habits, meaning you can make changes to affect the overall efficiency of your power system.

During the consultation phase, Sun Energy’s professionals can tell you everything there is not about solar power, and why it is such a fantastic source of sustainable energy. If you are looking to convert to solar power for your home, give Sun Energy a call and speak to one of their experienced professionals.

Solar panels have become an increasingly popular choice in recent years for homeowners looking for a sustainable energy source. For people thinking about making the switch to solar power, it can be difficult to comprehend how panels on your roof can convert the sun’s rays to sustainable power for your entire home.

 

Panels

Converting the sun’s energy into power for your home is a cohesive process involving several working parts.

  • Firstly, the sun’s light contains energy, and as this energy hits you or the general environment, it turns into heat. However, when the sun’s rays come into contact with certain materials, it becomes an electrical current, rather than heat.
  • Solar panels contain photovoltaic cells (solar cells) made from silicon, a material that can transform sunlight into electrical energy.
  • Once the sunlight is absorbed by these materials, it is held within the individual panel, before being delivered to the inverter.

 

Inverter

The inverter has the most pivotal role in the process. It is responsible for converting the energy captured by the panels from a direct current (DC) to a 120-volt alternating current (AC). There are two different kinds of inverters used to produce solar power.

  • The more common and traditional option is the conventional central inverter, which is often fixed on an exterior wall of the house. This is when the panels are connected to a single inverter by a series of ‘strings’.
  • Another option is to use microinverters. Microinverters are installed individually on the underside of each panel, and rather than accumulating DC power to send to a single location for conversion, they undertake a different process.
  • These inverters then convert the DC power to AC from each panel before combining the power and sending it to your grid via a switchboard. However micro inverters incur a larger upfront cost compared to single inverters.

 

Power for your home

  • Once the inverter has converted the current from DC to AC, the power is delivered to the building’s circuit breaker where it is administered to various areas of the electrical grid.
  • This power is used for everyday purposes like turning on your lights or TV. There are battery storage options available for maximum efficiency throughout the process.
  • Any excess power you don’t use during the process can be delivered to a battery storage system for use later in the day when the sun isn’t shining.

This entire process can effectively be monitored with a digital meter. These meters can determine the efficiency of a solar system and more information regarding your energy consumption habits, meaning you can make changes to affect the overall efficiency of your power system.

 

During the consultation phase, Sun Energy’s professionals can tell you everything there is not about solar power, and why it is such a fantastic source of sustainable energy. If you are looking to convert to solar power for your home, give Sun Energy a call and speak to one of their experienced professionals.